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Air Quality ControlFormation and Sources, Dispersion, Characteristics and Impact of Air Pollutants ー Measuring Methods, Techniques for Reduction of Emissions and Regulations for Air Quality Control【電子書籍】[ G. Baumbach ]

楽天Kobo電子書籍ストア
<p>Air quality and air pollution control are tasks of international concern as, for one, air pollutants do not refrain from crossing borders and, for another, industrial plants and motor vehicles which emit air pollutants are in widespread use today. In a number of the world's expanding cities smog situations are a frequent occurrence due to the number and emission-intensity of air pollution sources. Polluted air causes annoy? ances and can, when it occurs in high concentrations in these cities, constitute a seri? ous health hazard. How important clean air is to life becomes apparent when consid? ering the fact that humans can do without food for up to 40 days, without air, how? ever, only a few minutes. The first step towards improving the air quality situation is the awareness that a sound environment is as much to be aspired for as the development of new tech? nologies improving the standard of living. Technical progress should be judged es? pecially by how environmentally benign, clean and noiseless its products are. Of these elements, clean air is of special concern to me. I hope that this book will awaken more interest in this matter and that it will lead to new impulses. Due to the increasing complexity of today's machinery and industrial processes science and technology can no longer do without highly specialized design engineers and opera? tors. Environmental processes, however, are highly interdependent and interlinked.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 11,187円

Nocturnal Emissions ノクターナルエミッションズ / Drowning In A Sea Of Bliss (White Vinyl) 【LP】

HMV&BOOKS online 1号店
基本情報ジャンルダンス&ソウルフォーマットLPレーベルMannequin発売日2020年10月09日商品番号MNQ-147発売国Europe組み枚数1その他限定盤関連キーワード ノクターナルエミッションズ 8056099004445 出荷目安の詳細はこちら>>楽天市場内検索 『在庫あり』表記について  4,279円

Climate Technology Strategies 2The Macro-Economic Cost and Benefit of Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the European Union【電子書籍】[ Pantelis Capros ]

楽天Kobo電子書籍ストア
<p>Climate technology becomes more and more relevant in international environmental policy negotiations. At the Kyoto conference binding emission reduction targets have been established for several regions of the world. The major challenge is how to realize these reduction goals with minimum costs without generating new distributional and social difficulties. The book analyses the macroeconomic structural and distributional impacts of greenhouse gas mitigation strategies for the EU and the member states.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 8,614円

Measurement of Atmospheric Emissions【電子書籍】[ Heikki Torvela ]

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<p>Due to the threat of a possible global climate change and the greenhouse effect caused by constituents of anthropogenic origin in the atmosphere, air quality has become a major environmental issue. As a consequence, emissions into the atmosphere need to be monitored and controlled. <strong>Measurement of Atmospheric Emissions</strong> presents technologies for emission control and analysis from industrial and energy plants. The author explains the physical and chemical basis before proceeding to the practical performance. This publication provides the reader with the knowledge necessary to critically analyze and investigate emission measurement techniques. It will be of great interest to researchers and engineers in the fields of environmental technology and air pollution control. It will assist in the choice of the most appropriate instruments for various purposes and circumstances.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 10,068円
【輸入盤CD】Melt / Emissions Of Hypocrisy (メルト)
あめりかん・ぱい
2011/9/27 発売輸入盤収録曲:(メルト) 2,290円

Reclaiming the Atmospheric CommonsThe Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and a New Model of Emissions Trading【電子書籍】[ Leigh Raymond ]

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<p><strong>How the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative created a new paradigm in climate policy by requiring polluters to pay for their emissions for the first time.</strong></p> <p>In 2008, a group of states in the northeast United States launched an emissions trading program, the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI). With RGGI, these statesーConnecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermontーachieved what had been considered politically impossible: they forced polluters to pay the public for their emissions. The states accomplished this by conducting auctions of emissions “allowances”; by 2014, they had raised more than $2.2 billion in revenues. In this first in-depth examination of RGGI, Leigh Raymond describes this revolutionary and influential policy model and explains the practical and theoretical implications for climate policy.</p> <p>Other cap-and-trade schemes had been criticized for providing private profits rather than public benefits, allowing private firms to make money by buying and selling valuable “rights to pollute.” RGGI, by contrast, directed virtually all emissions auction revenues to programs benefiting the public at large. By reframing the issue in terms of public benefits, environmental advocates emphasized the public ownership of the atmospheric commons and private corporations' responsibility to pay for their use of it.</p> <p>Raymond argues that this kind of “normative reframing” is significant not only for environmental policy making but also for theories of the policy process, helping to explain and predict sudden policy change.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 3,318円

An Integrated Framework for Energy-Economy-Emissions Modeling: A Case Study of India INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK FOR ENERG (Springerbriefs in Environmental Science) [ Tejal Kanitkar ]

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INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK FOR ENERG Springerbriefs in Environmental Science Tejal Kanitkar SPRINGER NATURE2019 Paperback 2020 English ISBN:9783030182625 洋書 Computers & Science(コンピューター&科学) Technology 16,368円

An Integrated Framework for Energy-Economy-Emissions ModelingA Case Study of India【電子書籍】[ Tejal Kanitkar ]

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<p>This book combines three different energy-economy-emissions modeling methodologies into one Integrated Modeling Framework (IMF) in an attempt to fill gaps in current modeling research as it applies to developing countries. Through the analysis of existing mathematical models, including large macro-economic models and technology-explicit energy models, the work proposes planning methodologies for developing countries that face challenges on their economy and infrastructure due to climate change. The three modeling methodologies discussed in the chapters are a decomposition analysis of trends in emissions intensity of GDP, linear programming techniques to determine optimum energy supply pathways given various resource and emissions constraints, and an input-output analysis to evaluate the impact of energy policies on income and equity.</p> <p>After a brief introduction to the history of the development of energy studies and the linkages between energy, economic, and environmental systems, the book delves into the component methodologies of the IMF and their intended outcomes. The decomposition analysis is intended to gauge the energy intensity of GDP and the structural composition of the economy to provide a basis on which scenarios are constructed in the following two methodologies. The linear programs are meant to develop a methodology to determine energy options under a variety of scenarios that capture the technical and economic characteristics of the power sector of developing countries. Lastly, the input-output analysis aims to build a methodology through which energy policy decisions can be understood and quantified to ensure the best possible impacts on developing economies and societies. Those who will be interested in this book include policy makers, academics, and students and professionals working on energy studies and energy-economy modeling.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 5,541円

How Green are Electric or Hydrogen-Powered Cars?Assessing GHG Emissions of Traffic in Spain【電子書籍】[ Jes?s Montoya S?nchez de Pablo ]

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<p>Have you ever wondered by how much CO2 emissions can be reduced by running cars electrically or with hydrogen as fuel? This Brief provides a quantitative answer to this question using the example of the combined road traffic in Spain. The authors calculate the resulting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for the production of hydrogen gas or the required electricity and installing and maintaining the necessary infrastructure. In this way, they can compare with the GHG emissions in the present situation of oil fueled cars. Using different scenarios, they obtain an assessment how much ‘greener’ the electric or hydrogen cars can get.</p> <p>The method described in this Brief is scalable and readily adaptable to other countries. It can thus be used for investigating sensible approaches and developing recommendations for a conversion. As expected, the results depend strongly on the production scenarios for hydrogen or electricity production. The wrong choice can even result in increased GHG emissions. A proper choice of the roadmap toward a more sustainable and greener future is of greatest importance ? the results described in this Brief can serve as a valuable and useful guide on our way.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 6,152円

Decarbonising The World's Economy: Assessing The Feasibility Of Policies To Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions【電子書籍】[ Terry Barker ]

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<p>Too often amongst policy makers and thought leaders an assumption is made that we must make a choice between tackling climate change and having a strong economy; tackling climate change and allowing poorer nations to develop; tackling climate change and having a secure energy system. However, a decade of advanced modelling tested against historical data has provided wide evidence that well-chosen policies can be implemented that avoid these apparent either/or choices.This highly interdisciplinary book provides an overview of potential pathways for the decarbonisation of the global economy. By examining the entire global economy, we show policy-makers and thought-leaders that greatly reducing the risks of climate change can be consistent with energy security, economic development in poor nations, and vibrant economies in already developed nations. Advanced models of the relationships between the economy, energy and climate change pioneered at the Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research (4CMR) over the past decade provides a sound evidence base for decisions. This book examines not only the impacts of policies, but also the feasibility of bringing them forward and the ways in which energy, climate and economic policies can and must be joined up if climate, energy and economic goals are to be met globally.Economists, physicists, engineers, policy analysts, environmental scientists, climate scientists, political analysts, lawyers and computational scientists are brought together for the first time to produce analyses that make up a unique approach to a global problem that must be addressed sooner rather than later.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 5,038円

Decreasing Fuel Consumption and Exhaust Gas Emissions in TransportationSensing, Control and Reduction of Emissions【電子書籍】[ Michael Palocz-Andresen ]

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<p>Within all areas of transportation, solutions for economical and environmentally friendly technology are being examined. Fuel consumption, combustion processes, control and limitation of pollutants in the exhaust gas are technological problems, for which guidelines like 98/69/EC and 99/96 determine the processes for the reduction of fuel consumption and exhaust gas emissions. Apart from technological solutions, the consequences of international legislation and their effects on environmental and climate protection in the area of the transportation are discussed.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 15,663円

Emissions of Atmospheric Trace Compounds【電子書籍】

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<p>The mathematical modelling of the transport and transformation of trace species in the atmosphere is one of the scientific tools currently used to assess atmospheric chemistry, air quality, and climatic conditions. From the scientific but also from the management perspectives accurate inventories of emissions of the trace species at the appropriate spatial, temporal, and species resolution are required. The chapter has discussed bottom-up methodologies to estimate global and regional emISSIOns. These methodologies are based on activity data, emission factors (amount of emissions per unit activity), and for some inventories additional parameters (such as sulphur content of fuels). To compile regional and global inventories researchers can either bring together estimates made at the national or sub-national level by national experts or directly estimate emissions based on activity rates from reports compiled by multi-national organizations such as the United Nations and the International Energy agency and on emission factors and other information available in the literature. In all cases the data used must be checked for transparency, consistency, comparability, completeness and accuracy. These emissions estimates must now be given finer spatial (usually gridded), temporal, and for some inventories species resolution. The location of major stationary sources (power plants, industrial complexes) is usually known, so the emissions can be directly assigned to the appropriate grid cell.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 41,286円

BioreactorsSustainable Design and Industrial Applications in Mitigation of GHG Emissions【電子書籍】

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<p><em>Bioreactors: Sustainable Design and Industrial Applications in Mitigation of GHG Emissions</em> presents and compares the foundational concepts, state-of-the-art design and fabrication of bioreactors. Solidly based on theoretical fundamentals, the book examines various aspects of the commercially available bioreactors, such as construction and fabrication, design, modeling and simulation, development, operation, maintenance, management and target applications for biofuels production and bio-waste management. Emerging issues in commercial feasibility are explored, constraints and pathways for upscaling, and techno-economic assessment are also covered.</p> <p>This book provides researchers and engineers in the biofuels and waste management sectors a clear, at-a-glance understanding of the actual potential of different advanced bioreactors for their requirements. It is a must-have reference for better-informed decisions when selecting the appropriate technology models for sustainable systems development and commercialization.</p> <ul> <li>Focuses on sustainable bioreactor processes and applications in bioenergy and bio-waste management</li> <li>Explores techno-economic and sustainability assessment aspects through a comparative approach, catering to diverse arrays and applications</li> <li>Offers comprehensive coverage of the most recent technology, from fundamentals to applications</li> </ul>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 17,796円

Emissions from Continuous Combustion SystemsProceedings of the Symposium on Emissions from Continuous Combustion Systems held at the General Motors Research Laboratories Warren, Michigan September 27?28, 1971【電子書籍】

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<p>This volume documents the proceedings of the Symposium on Emissions from Continuous Combustion Systems that was held at the General Motors Research Laboratories, Warren, Michigan on September 27 and 28, 1971. This symposium was the fifteenth in an annual series presented by the Research Laboratories. Each symposium has covered a different technical discipline. To be selected as the theme of a symposium, the subject must be timely and of vital interest to General Motors as well as to the technical community at large. For each symposium, the practice is to solicit papers at the forefront of research from recognized authorities in the technical discipline of interest. Approximately sixty scientists and engineers from academic, government and industrial circles in this country and abroad are then invited to join about an equal number of General Motors technical personnel to discuss freely the commissioned papers. The technical portion of the meeting is supplemented by social functions at which ample time is afforded for informal exchanges of ideas amongst the participants. By such a direct interaction of a small and select group of informed participants, it is hoped to extend the boundaries of research in the selected technical field.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 9,733円

Wildland Fire in Ecosystems: Effects of Fire on Air (Rainbow Series) - Smoke Management, Air Quality, Visibility, Haze, Hazardous Air Pollutants, Emissions from Fires, Atmospheric and Plume Chemistry【電子書籍】[ Progressive Management ]

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<p>This state-of-knowledge review about the effects of fire on air quality can assist land, fire, and air resource managers with fire and smoke planning, and their efforts to explain to others the science behind fire-related program policies and practices to improve air quality. Chapter topics include air quality regulations and fire; characterization of emissions from fire; the transport, dispersion, and modeling of fire emissions; atmospheric and plume chemistry; air quality impacts of fire; social consequences of air quality impacts; and recommendations for future research.</p> <p>Keywords: smoke, air quality, fire effects, smoke management, prescribed fire, wildland fire, wildfire, biomass emissions, smoke dispersion</p> <p>Chapter 1 * Introduction * Objective * Related Publications * Scope * Framework * Prior Work * Smoke Management Guide For Prescribed and Wildland Fire: 2001 Edition * Wildland Fire and Air Quality: National Strategic Plan * Introduction to Visibility * The Federal Advisory Committee Act White Papers * Environmental Regulation and Prescribed Fire Conference * Southern Forestry Smoke Management Guidebook * Changes in Fire Policy * Joint Fire Science Program * Cohesive Strategy * National Fire Plan * Chapter 2 * Air Quality Regulations and Fire * Roles and Responsibilities Under the Clean Air Act * National Ambient Air Quality Standards * Prevention of Significant Deterioration * Visibility * Regional Haze * Reasonable Progress * Hazardous Air Pollutants * EPA Interim Air Quality Policy on Wildland and Prescribed Fires * Natural Events Policy * Collaboration Among Stakeholders * Best Available Control Measures * Reducing Emissions * Redistributing Emissions * Ozone and Fire * Chapter 3 * Overview of Air Pollution from Fire * Magnitude of Fire Contributions * Smoke from Wildland Fires * Smoke from Prescribed Fires * Impacts on National Ambient Air Quality Standards * Significance of Visibility Degradation * Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Fires * Smoke Management Programs * Chapter 4 * Characterization of Emissions from Fires * Area Burned * Preburn Fuel Characteristics * Fire Behavior * Combustion Stages * Fuel Consumption * Emission Factors * Source Strength * Chapter 5 * Transport, Dispersion, and Modeling of Fire Emissions * Basic Elements of Trajectory and Dispersion * Heat Release * Plume Rise and Buoyancy * Advection and Diffusion * Scavenging * Chemical Transformations * Transport and Dispersion Models * Plume Models * Puff Models * Particle Models * Grid Models * Model Application * Chapter 6 * Atmospheric and Plume Chemistry * Ozone Formation in Plumes * Factors Affecting Plume Chemistry * Emission Factors for Reactive Species * Particle Formation in Plumes * Chapter 7 * Estimating the Air Quality Impacts of Fire * Emission Inventories * State Emission Inventories * Regional Emission Inventories * National Emission Inventories * Improving Emission Inventories * Air Quality Monitoring * Current Monitoring Techniques * Source Apportionment * Source Apportionment Methods * Receptor-Oriented Approaches * Factor Analysis and Multiple Linear Regression * Summary * Mechanistic Models * Chapter 8 * Consequences of Fire on Air Quality * Health Effects * National Review of Health Effects * Occupational Exposure to Wildland Fire Smoke * Research Issues Welfare Effects * Soiling of Materials * Public Nuisance and Visibility Loss * Economic and Social Consequences * Soiling-Related Economic Losses * Visibility-Related Costs * Highway Safety * Magnitude of the Problem * Measures to Improve Highway Safety Climate Change * Chapter 9 * Recommendations for Future Research and Development * Established Research Framework * Emerging Research Needs * Emissions Source Strength and Emissions Inventory * Ambient Air Quality Impacts * Effects on Receptors * Conclusion * References</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 1,060円

Economics of Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in South AsiaOptions and Costs【電子書籍】[ Ram Manohar Shrestha ]

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<p>Against a backdrop of increasing emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that are responsible for global climate change, the South Asia developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank have been witnessing a steady rise in fossil fuels and energy consumption and demand, keeping pace with their economic growth. The region's major challenge is how to achieve sustained and rapid economic growth for reducing poverty while reducing the overall intensity of energy use, increasing energy efficiency, and substituting to cleaner energy. This report synthesizes the results of national studies on options and costs of reducing GHG emissions in five South Asia DMCs---Bangladesh, Bhutan, the Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. It examines the economics of cleaner technologies that promote low-carbon development and climate change mitigation, identifies constraints and barriers that reduce incentives to invest in GHG emission-reducing technologies, and recommends actions and enabling conditions to overcome the barriers.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 603円

Biosphere-Atmosphere Exchange of Pollutants and Trace SubstancesExperimental and Theoretical Studies of Biogenic Emissions and of Pollutant Deposition【電子書籍】

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<p>The biosphere is the ultimate sink for air pollutants and is also the source of many precursors for the formation of photo-oxidants. In any analysis of air pollution and for determining source-receptor relationships, reliable emission and pollutant concentrations or depositions must be taken into account, together with their interactions between the atmosphere and the biosphere. This book presents a number of authoritative review articles covering topics which include biosphere-atmosphere exchange of ammonia, nitrogen oxides, ozone and sulfur-containing gases, the biological mechanisms involved in the exchange of trace gases, as well as generalizations of deposition over Europe.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 30,097円

The Allocation of Regulatory Competence in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme【電子書籍】[ Josephine van Zeben ]

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<p>The European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is the world's largest carbon trading market. This book offers a new perspective on the EU ETS as a multi-level governance regime, in which the regulatory process is composed of three distinct 'competences' - norm setting, implementation, and enforcement. Are these competences best combined in a single regulator at one level of government or would they be better allocated among a variety of regulators at different levels of government? The combined legal, economic, and political analysis in this book reveals that the actual allocation of competences within the EU ETS diverges from a hypothetical ideal allocation in important ways, and provides a political economy explanation for the existing allocation of norm setting, implementation and enforcement competences among various levels of European government.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 7,206円

Nocturnal Emissions ノクターナルエミッションズ / Sons Of Love And Revolution 【LP】

HMV&BOOKS online 1号店
基本情報ジャンルダンス&ソウルフォーマットLPレーベルMannequin発売日2020年10月09日商品番号MNQ-131発売国Europe組み枚数1その他限定盤関連キーワード ノクターナルエミッションズ 8056099004414 出荷目安の詳細はこちら>>楽天市場内検索 『在庫あり』表記について  3,399円

The Institute of Energy's Second International Conference on COMBUSTION & EMISSIONS CONTROLProceedings of The Institute of Energy Conference Held in London, UK, on 4-5 December 1995【電子書籍】[ The Institute of Energy ]

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<p>The Institute of Energy's Second International Conference on Combustion & Emissions Control presents the proceedings of The Institute of Energy Conference held in London, UK, on December 4-5 1995. The book, divided into seven parts, covers papers on combustion and emission control, energy from waste and biofuels, mathematical modeling for industries, and the plant performance of combustors. The text describes industrial burners and furnaces, advanced power generation, and internal combustion engines as well. The concept of on-board fuel reforming; the conventional and novel methods for particulates; and turbo-compounding schemes and engines are also considered. Combustion and gas engineers will find the book invaluable.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 7,213円

Nocturnal Emissions ノクターナルエミッションズ / Drowning In A Sea Of Bliss (Grey Vinyl) 【LP】

HMV&BOOKS online 1号店
基本情報ジャンルダンス&ソウルフォーマットLPレーベルMannequin発売日2020年10月09日商品番号MNQ-146発売国Europe組み枚数1その他限定盤関連キーワード ノクターナルエミッションズ 8056099004438 出荷目安の詳細はこちら>>楽天市場内検索 『在庫あり』表記について  4,279円

Emissions TradingAn analysis of emission trading with reference to companies dealing with emissions: the case of RWE and E.ON【電子書籍】[ Yilmaz Seker ]

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<p>Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1,0, University of Hull, language: English, abstract: 1 Introduction During the last century the Earth's average surface temperature has risen by 0.6 degrees Celsius. It is expected to warm by 1.4 to 5.8 degrees Celsius by the end of this century. The current warming trend is expected to cause extinctions. Many plant and animal species, already damaged by pollution and loss of habitat, are not expected to survive till the next century. Human beings are likely to face mounting impacts such as raising sea level, decrease of drinking water springs and, deserts may expand into existing farmlands. The main reason for growing thermometer is the industrialisation with burning of ever-greater quantities of oil, gasoline, and coal, the destroying of forests and some farming methods which especially causes carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. These activities cause an increasing amount of 'greenhouse gases' in the atmosphere. The effect is that the global temperature is increasing artificially. Global warming involving the entire world which most countries joined an international treaty, under the umbrella of the United Nations, to begin to consider what can be done to reduce global warming. Therefore, in 1997 governments agreed to an addition to the consisting treaty, namely the 'Kyoto Protocol' (UNFCCC, 2005). [...]</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 813円

The Rise and Fall of Carbon Emissions Trading【電子書籍】[ Declan Kuch ]

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<p>This book presents the results of the first full-scale emissions trading schemes in Australia and internationally, arguing these schemes will not be sufficient to 'civilize markets' and prevent dangerous climate change. Instead, it articulates the ways climate policy needs to confront the collective nature of our predicament.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 12,307円

Evidence-Based Climate ScienceData Opposing CO2 Emissions as the Primary Source of Global Warming【電子書籍】

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<p><em>Evidence-Based Climate Science: Data Opposing CO2 Emissions as the Primary Source of Global Warming, Second Edition,</em> includes updated data related to the causes of global climate change from experts in meteorology, geology, atmospheric physics, solar physics, geophysics, climatology, and computer modeling. This book objectively gathers and analyzes scientific data concerning patterns of past climate changes, influences of changes in ocean temperatures, the effect of solar variation on global climate, and the effect of CO2 on global climate. This analysis is then presented as counter-evidence to the theory that CO2 is the primary cause behind global warming.</p> <p>Increasingly, scientists are pointing to data which suggests that climate changes are a result of natural cycles, which have been occurring for thousands of years. Unfortunately, global warming has moved into the political realm without enough peer-reviewed research to fully validate and exclude other, more natural, causes of climate change. For example, there is an absence of any physical evidence that CO2 causes global warming, so the only argument for CO2 as the cause of warming rests entirely in computer modeling. Thus, the question becomes, how accurate are the computer models in predicting climate? What other variables could be missing from the models?</p> <p>In order to understand modern climate changes, we need to look at the past history of climate changes. Vast amounts of physical evidence of climate change over the past centuries and millennia have been gathered by scientists. Significant climate changes have clearly been going on for many thousands of years, long before the recent rise in atmospheric CO2 <em>Evidence-Based Climate Science, Data Opposing CO2 Emissions as the Primary Source of Global Warming, Second Edition,</em> documents past climate changes and presents physical evidence for possible causes.</p> <ul> <li>Provides scientific evidence for issues related to global climate change that is not readily available elsewhere</li> <li>Offers detailed analysis of temperature measurements with the goal of helping readers to understand conflicting claims about global warming heard every day in the news media</li> <li>Presents real-time data on polar ice</li> <li>Presents the real-time effect of CO2 on global warming, rather than forecasts based on computer models</li> </ul>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 13,347円

Tropospheric Ozone AbatementDeveloping Efficient Strategies for the Reduction of Ozone Precursor Emissions in Europe【電子書籍】

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<p>The occurrence of high concentrations of ozone during summer episodes in the troposphere over Europe is a problem still unsolved. Although a number・ of measures have been implemented that will achieve a further reduction of precursor emissions in the next years, this will not be sufficient to reduce the ozone concentration to levels below thresholds set up to protect human health and plants. Thus, further reductions of emissions of volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides are necessary. However, with regard to the increasing costs associated with increasing emission reduction, it is essential to implement abatement strategies, that are effective, i.e. achieving the environmental aim set up, and efficient, i. e. doing this with the least costs possible. In this book, the authors describe the features and the application of a methodology and a model system to identify effective and efficient strategies to reduce ambient concentrations of tropospheric ozone to comply with thresholds set up to protect human health, agricultural crops and ecosystems. Furthermore, macroeconomic impacts of such strategies are addressed and, as burden and benefits of these strategies are not equally distributed between countries, different burden sharing schemes are discussed. The content of this book is based on results of a comprehensive research project, the project INFOS (assessment of policy instruments for efficient ozone abatement strategies in Europe), funded by the European Commission (Directorate General XII) under the Fourth Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration activities.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 11,187円

Do you consider that emissions trading provides a viable means of achieving reductions in greenhouse gases?【電子書籍】[ Veronika Minkova ]

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<p>Essay from the year 2011 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, grade: 1,7, University of Reading, language: English, abstract: Directive 2003/87/EC established a scheme for greenhouse gas (GHG) emission allowance trading within the Community which is in compliance with the overall commitment entered into by the European Community and its Member States under the Kyoto Protocol. It aims at reducing total emissions of GHG by at least 5% of the level of emissions in 1990, during the period 2008-12. The EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is based on the recognition that creating a price for carbon emissions is the most cost-effective way to achieve the deep reductions in global GHG emissions that are needed to prevent climate change from reaching dangerous levels. The first section of the present essay outlines the problem of climate change and how the international legal framework addresses it. In the second section, the cap-and-trade system is discussed as a flexible mechanism for climate protection. The next section identifies three theoretic models of the ETS: Economic Efficiency, Private Property Rights and Command-and-Control models. The fifth section outlines the EU ETS and discusses its main components. Finally, in the last section a critical analysis of the EU ETS is presented in terms of three main criticisms: target achievement, perverse incentives and economization of an ecological problem.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 711円

Handbook of Process Integration (PI)Minimisation of Energy and Water Use, Waste and Emissions【電子書籍】

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<p>Since its first development in the 1970s, Process Integration (PI) has become an important methodology in achieving more energy efficient processes. This pioneering handbook brings together the leading scientists and researchers currently contributing to PI development, pooling their expertise and specialist knowledge to provide readers with a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the latest PI research and applications.</p> <p>After an introduction to the principles of PI, the book reviews a wide range of process design and integration topics ranging from heat and utility systems to water, recycling, waste and hydrogen systems. The book considers Heat Integration, Mass Integration and Extended PI as well as a series of applications and case studies. Chapters address not just operating and capital costs but also equipment design and operability issues, through to buildings and supply chains.</p> <p>With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Handbook of Process Integration (PI) is a standard reference work for managers and researchers in all energy-intensive industries, as well as academics with an interest in them, including those designing and managing oil refineries, petrochemical and power plants, as well as paper/pulp, steel, waste, food and drink processors.</p> <ul> <li>This pioneering handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the latest process integration research and applications</li> <li>Reviews a wide range of process design and integration topics ranging from heat and utility systems to water, recycling, waste and hydrogen systems</li> <li>Chapters also address equipment design and operability issues, through to buildings and supply chains</li> </ul>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 40,533円

Towards Ecological TaxationThe Efficacy of Emissions-Related Motor Taxation【電子書籍】[ David Russell ]

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<p>Governments around the world are struggling to meet their commitments to achieve targets relating to reductions in greenhouse gases. Many writers advocating ways to achieve these targets offer radical but often impractical approaches that do not offer a way forward within the existing economic model. In contrast, Towards Ecological Taxation is a pragmatic consideration of realistic possibilities by an author from the world of accounting. Based on his research into the implications of changes in the UK motor taxation regime for company cars, David Russell considers the broader efficacy of taxation policy as a mechanism for reducing demand for fossil fuels and encouraging a shift towards carbon-neutral energy production. He incorporates the findings of a number of studies into his analysis, along with a wider consideration of tax regimes. Dr Russell suggests a way forward that will attract the interest of researchers, policy makers and decision makers wanting a better understanding of how taxation could be used innovatively, but within the existing economic status quo, to deliver specific and measurable reductions in CO2. Such a distinctive approach makes this book a valuable addition to the literature on environmental issues and the always thought provoking titles in the Corporate Social Responsibility Series.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 5,596円

Carbon CoalitionsBusiness, Climate Politics, and the Rise of Emissions Trading【電子書籍】[ Jonas Meckling ]

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<p><strong>An examination of how a transnational coalition of firms and NGOs influenced the emergence of emissions trading as a central component of global climate governance.</strong></p> <p>Over the past decade, carbon trading has emerged as the industrialized world's primary policy response to global climate change despite considerable controversy. With carbon markets worth $144 billion in 2009, carbon trading represents the largest manifestation of the trend toward market-based environmental governance. In <em>Carbon Coalitions</em>, Jonas Meckling presents the first comprehensive study on the rise of carbon trading and the role business played in making this policy instrument a central pillar of global climate governance.</p> <p>Meckling explains how a transnational coalition of firms and a few market-oriented environmental groups actively promoted international emissions trading as a compromise policy solution in a situation of political stalemate. The coalition sidelined not only environmental groups that favored taxation and command-and-control regulation but also business interests that rejected any emissions controls. Considering the sources of business influence, Meckling emphasizes the importance of political opportunities (policy crises and norms), coalition resources (funding and legitimacy,) and political strategy (mobilizing state allies and multilevel advocacy).</p> <p>Meckling presents three case studies that represent milestones in the rise of carbon trading: the internationalization of emissions trading in the Kyoto Protocol (1989?2000); the creation of the EU Emissions Trading System (1998?2008); and the reemergence of emissions trading on the U.S. policy agenda (2001?2009). These cases and the theoretical framework that Meckling develops for understanding the influence of transnational business coalitions offer critical insights into the role of business in the emergence of market-based global environmental governance.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 2,654円

Climate Change and Carbon MarketsA Handbook of Emissions Reduction Mechanisms【電子書籍】[ Farhana Yamin ]

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<p>Climate change is an environmental problem of unprecedented complexity, not just in terms of its physical, social, economic and political impacts, but particularly in terms of the range of policy instruments being designed by countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Climate Change and Carbon Markets aims to provide an accessible and practical guide to cutting edge market-based mechanisms which will reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This book is a guide for national and international policy-makers and industry professionals, who need to understand the carbon markets established pursuant to the Kyoto Protocol, one of the most complex agreements ever negotiated. The book sets out how carbon markets will function by explaining the rules, institutions and procedures of the Kyoto mechanisms, including: emissions trading, joint implementation (JI) and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). It also provides an in-depth explanation of the EU Emissions Allowance Trading Scheme, emerging mechanisms in the US and developing countries, and how these will link up. For policy-makers, researchers and scholars; industry practitioners, companies, market service providers, technical and legal consultants, NGOs and all stakeholder organizations engaged in the Kyoto markets, this is the authoritative and comprehensive practical guide to this rapidly evolving area. Contains the full text of the key European Union documents setting up the EU Emissions Allowance Trading Scheme and the Linking Directive.</p>画面が切り替わりますので、しばらくお待ち下さい。 ※ご購入は、楽天kobo商品ページからお願いします。※切り替わらない場合は、こちら をクリックして下さい。 ※このページからは注文できません。 4,726円